Today we had our first lecture back, and got introduced to this module, we we’re shown an intensive presentation, which give us information from the history or typography to how typefaces and made/created, during the next lecture we also created our own font’s and tried to replicate other font’s in salt, to help us understand/feel the font’s curves and font.

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From this I also learnt that for a font to be a complete font it has to have the following, also a typeface is a complete collection of fonts from all different weights and characters:

  • Uppercase characters
  • Lowercase characters
  • Number characters
  • Punctuation

We we’re then given a practical taks in which we where given a font family and had to re-produce our font in the sand, we then had to create our own font, I selected the letter A (shown above) ,below is the information from the presentation/my notes that I think will come in handy for future use.

Fonts and Typefaces, which is which, what do they do and how are they categorised..? This is how I remembered them, and what will help me with my final hand in:

The typeface refers to the design of the alphabet, how the letters are shaped and look which will make up the typestyle, everything from the letters, numbers and even the symbols make up the design of type, Let’s say you decide to use Fontin Sans in your work, when you say “Fontin Sans” or “Hero Light” you’re talking about the set of letters in that specific style.

There is also a typeface family, which talks about a group of a typeface which are of the same family for example  there could be a roman, italic, bold, and bold italic versions. Each of the style and weight combinations create the typeface and together create the face-face family, while a font is the digital file which contains the style of the typeface, I’ve remembered this thinking of the font as the software that simply tells the computer how to display or print the typeface.

As you can imagine there is a large amount of fonts, and over the years the fonts and typefaces have evolved and moved with the times, all typefaces/fonts can be classified, each of these are below:

Classical Humanist: An example of this font is Centuar, the reason it is a classical humanist is that it has short bracketed serifs, it has a slanted stroke on the ‘e’s, the ascenders with slanted serif’s and there is a low contrast between horizontals and verticals.

Classical Garalde: An example of this font is Garamond, the reason it is a classical garalde is that it has finer proportions to other fonts, there is a much stronger contract between the downstroke and the upstroke and the weight is distributed according the oblique axis.

Classical Transitional: An example of this font is Baskerville the main reasons you can distinguish this font from others is the contract between the main and the connecting strokes, weight is also distributed now according to the quasi vertical axis.

Modern Didone: An example font for this is Bondoni, which has very strong and defined contract between the full and any connecting strokes vertically of the all of the characters, also it is unbracketed, and has hairline serif’s.

Modern Mechanistic: An example font for this would be Claredon, it can also be referred to as mechanical and or slab serif, it also has a very low contract to other fonts, and has a rectangular slab serif, it also includes bracketed and un-bracketed.

Lineal Grotesque: An example font could be Grotesque, it has the same contract between the tick and the thin strokes, the terminals of curves are usually horizontal, frequency has a spurred G or even R.

Lineal Neo-Grotesque: An example font is Univers because G are not spurred, the terminals are curved and slanted, there is also a very large degree of variations in widths of the typeface.

Lineal Humanist: An example is Gill Sans, this font contains stroke variations and is in the humanist/lineal category.

Calligraphic Glyphic: A font from this would be Trajan, it is an engraving or chiselling font, which is in the roman type, it has small triangle serifs, and doesn’t have lower case characters.


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